How do I cite an online encyclopedia article in Chicago?


Chicago Style* recommends citing articles from well-known encyclopedias only in the footnotes as follows:


Title of Encyclopedia, s.v. “title of article,” access date, DOI, Permalink or URL.



Britannica Academic, s.v. “Adam Smith,” Accessed January 1, 2021,


If the encyclopedia article has a named author and comes from a specialized or lesser known source it can be cited like a chapter in a book.


Author last name, Author first name. “Title of article.” In Encyclopedia Title, edited by, page #. Place of publication: Publishers name, date published. DOI, Permalink, or if unable to find the others a URL.



Montes, Leonidas. "Newtonianism in Adam Smith's Social Science."  In Encyclopedia of Philosophy & the Social Sciences, edited by Byron Kaldis, Sage Publications, 1st edition, 2013. 



  1. If you choose to settle for a URL it may be prudent to make sure it works before using it for your paper.

  2. Many times finding an encyclopedia’s author can be difficult so feel free to contact a librarian if you have any trouble with it.


If you need further help, contact a librarian


  • Last Updated Aug 01, 2022
  • Views 6
  • Answered By Elizabeth Clarke

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