How do I make in-text citations for CSE style?


At Marist, most classes use name-year CSE Style for in-text and reference list citations.  For in-text citations, only the author(s)’ last name(s) and publication year need to be included.  All information is then placed in parentheses:


  • Mid-sentence, if only one part of the sentence refers to source: Clown fish are boring (Smith 2004) and…​


  • At the End of the sentence: A study shows….(Smith 2004). 


Or you can include the citation narratively with only the date in parentheses following the author(s)’ name:


  • At the Beginning of the sentence: Smith (2004) writes​...


For authors, include only the last name(s) of up to 3 authors.  If a source has 3 or more authors, list just the first author’s last name followed by et al.


One Author: Smith

Two Authors: Smith and Jones

Three or more authors: Smith et al.


For sources without an author listed, start with the first 1-3 words of the title followed by 3 periods also known as an ellipse.


  • (Clown fish are...2004).


These are always placed in parentheses to prevent confusion with the text of the sentence.


If authored by a government department or organization, use a widely accepted abbreviation.


  • NOAA
  • CIA

If you need further help, contact a librarian.


  • Last Updated Aug 01, 2022
  • Views 33
  • Answered By Elizabeth Clarke

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